Balancing the skin's pH levels is key to healthy and beautiful skin. Without getting lost in the minutiae of it all, a pH is a scale that measures the acid-alkaline ratio of a substance ranging from 1 (most acidic) to 14 (most alkaline).
A pH of 1 will be the most acidic substance, while a pH of 7, is termed as neutral. Further, on the high side, the substance gets more alkaline. For example, lemon juice scores a 2 on the pH scale and ammonia is about 11.5 on the pH scale.
Healthy human skin has a pH of around 4.5 to 5.5, which is just slightly acidic and balanced. When the skin is within this appropriate range, the mixture of sebum, sweat and dead skin cells, form a protective film on the skin called the acid mantle. This film is a barrier that keeps your skin away from pollutants and prevents bacteria from producing and breading on your skin surface. If your skin’s pH level becomes unbalanced, it can create a suitable environment for the development of dermatitis, acne, and candida infections.
Since pH levels are always changing due to environment, diet and cleansing products, just to name a few, it is essential to pay attention to how your skin feels and looks.
Factors affecting your skin pH level are:
- Excessive sun exposure
- Using bar soap on your face
- Eating habits
- Other skincare habits
The longer your skin is exposed to an unhealthy pH level, the skin is more prone to environmental stressors and the growth of harmful bacteria. Since pH levels are constantly affected by outside sources, there are changes you can make to help correct your skin’s pH level. Things to do to balance your skin's pH level:
- Eliminate soaps and harsh cleansers
- Use oil and moisturizers
- Use sun protection
- Follow a healthy diet
- Use apple cider vinegar
When examining how your skin feels, keep in mind that having a little oil or a bit dry skin doesn't mean your pH level is unbalanced. You should keep an eye out for these signs:
- Excessive Oiliness
- Dry patches
- Redness and rashes
- Signs of aging (Fine lines, wrinkles, and sagging skin)
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